Energy Research

Energy is essential for development and sustainable energy is essential for sustainable development.

Wind Energy

While land-based, utility-scale wind turbines provide one of the lowest-priced energy sources available today, other challenges such as proper transmission infrastructure is needed to achieve full benefits.

Solar Energy

Solar energy is becoming cheaper through R&D, aiding energy-deficit regions. However, challenges remain with hazardous waste and efficient land use throughout its lifecycle.


Hydropower is the largest source of renewable electricity, offering stable and efficient generation, especially in river-rich regions. However, how can we minimize its environmental impacts?

Energy R&D

Investing in Energy R&D promotes economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security. Public R&D investment in renewable technologies reduces pollutants such as carbon dioxide and methane, supporting climate change initiatives and the transition to net-zero emissions.

Bioenergy & Fuels

Bioenergy converts organic waste into heat and electricity. It provides cost-effective energy production and reduces landfill waste. However, ethical considerations include potential land use conflicts, deforestation, food price impacts, and inefficient energy output from biofuels like ethanol.

Energy Research Commitment

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Data source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (2023); Energy Institute – Statistical Review of World Energy (2023); Population based onvarious sources (2023)

Our Publications

Read our posts, research articles and learn about energy investment